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Trumpet Price List
|Music and Arts
Trumpet price list as of 11/22/2023
This trumpet price list is compiled by checking the prices from the listed sellers only. There may be other sellers with different trumpet prices, so use this list for reference purposes only.
- English: Trumpet
- German: Trompete
- French: Trompette
- Italian: Tromba
- Esperanto: Trumpeto
- Japanese: トランペット
- Chinese: 小号
- Russian: труба
It is one of the brass instruments.
In music theory, it is briefly described as an instrument responsible for the highest range in the brass family.
History Regardless of Eastern or Western cultures or ancient bronze trumpets, it is a developed form of the bronze trumpet that has been present everywhere, and its history goes back as far as 2000 BC.
It was known to have taken its current form around the 15th century, but until the invention of the piston (or valve), it could only produce harmonics (overtones) based on the Pythagorean theory, and only the natural trumpet could play beyond that.
During the Renaissance to the Baroque era, the trumpet, compared to the modern trumpet, had a length of about twice the length of the current instrument’s range. Starting from the basic note a whole octave lower than the modern trumpet’s range, as it ascended through the harmonic series, the intervals between the notes decreased, resulting in whole and half steps by the time it reached the high range.
Therefore, in order to play a piece with changes in pitch, similar to the horn, the player had to switch out the leadpipe (or crook) by sliding it in and out. This type of trumpet playing is referred to as “natural” trumpet.
In the Renaissance to Baroque era, trumpets with this configuration were used extensively, especially in the clarino style, where the trumpet would skillfully negotiate the high range. This style of trumpet playing, often referred to as “clarino,” is prominently featured in the solo movements of Johann Sebastian Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 2.
Particularly in Baroque music, the trumpet symbolized the image of the “ruler, king/emperor on Earth,” and composers often chose this instrument when seeking to embody such an image. This role of the trumpet is well demonstrated in the orchestral works of Henry Purcell and Georg Friedrich Handel. In Bach’s compositions, a similar role depicting the “omnipotent power of God” can be found, especially in movements like the Gloria excelsis in Deo of Mass in B Minor or the opening of Magnificat.
As the Classical era arrived, this symbolic role of the trumpet, along with its prominence, became one of the major reasons for diminishing the trumpet’s status. Due to political changes such as the collapse of absolute monarchies and revolutions, the number of skilled trumpet players decreased significantly, and like the horn, the trumpet’s role in the orchestra was greatly reduced.
In works such as symphonies by Haydn or Mozart, one can observe that the trumpet retreated to a supportive harmonic role, especially in the higher register. Trumpet parts were often written for the keyed trumpet, and in cases where the valve trumpet part is missing from a clearly scored piece, the trumpet part is sometimes reconstructed by referencing the natural trumpet part. Due to its association with the horn, the trumpet was commonly paired with the timpani, hence the term “trumpet and timpani” often appearing in the scores.
Examining the sheet music for trumpet ensemble pieces from the Renaissance to the (or middle) Romantic era reveals a variety of trumpet configurations. The most commonly used configurations for the natural trumpet were as follows:
- F: Produces a sound a perfect fourth higher than the written note (When playing C, the sound produced is F above it).
- E: Produces a sound a major third higher than the written note (When playing C, the sound produced is E above it).
- E♭: Produces a sound a minor third higher than the written note (When playing C, the sound produced is E♭ above it).
- D: Produces a sound a major second higher than the written note (When playing C, the sound produced is D above it).
- C: Produces the same pitch as the written note.
- B: Produces a sound a minor second lower than the written note (When playing C, the sound produced is B below it).
- B♭: Produces a sound a major second lower than the written note (When playing C, the sound produced is B♭ below it).
- A: Produces a sound a minor third lower than the written note (When playing C, the sound produced is A below it).
However, the natural trumpet had a persistent and fatal flaw in that it did not allow for rapid changes in pitch. As a result, around the mid-19th century, a significant advancement was made by adding three pistons to an F trumpet. This innovation allowed trumpeters to play all the semitones within the instrument’s range without the need to change leadpipes. This trumpet, especially popular in Germany, became the foundation for the B♭ valve trumpet, which is currently the most widely used instrument.
The English term for a musician who plays the trumpet typically follows the pattern of adding “-ist” to the instrument’s name (e.g., pianist, violinist), but the term for a trumpet player is “trumpeter,” although “trumpetist” is not uncommon.
Playing Techniques [Edit] In general, the trumpet is made in the shape of a long metal tube flared at the end, and a mouthpiece is inserted into the flared opposite end for use. Pistons are referred to as the first, second, and third pistons, which respectively lower the pitch by a whole tone, a half tone, and one and a half tones. While it is possible to press only one piston, it is also possible to press two or three pistons at once to adjust the pitch, offering the advantage of compromising between various playing techniques for the same pitch.
The range of pitches, based on the B♭ valve trumpet, typically extends from the low E (C below the staff) to about two and a half octaves above, which is considered the standard range. The lowest E is known to be challenging to produce correctly. Players who can play well above two and a half octaves into the high range are occasionally found, especially in jazz big bands, where trumpet players showcase their ability to effortlessly navigate the dizzying heights. This technique is commonly known as “screaming.”
Among all brass instruments, the trumpet boasts the most superior agility, and pieces like military bugle calls can be played with only breath control and lip adjustments, without the need for piston manipulation. With the addition of pistons, trills became much smoother. In the high range, players can produce glissandos by manipulating the pistons, such as pressing them halfway or slightly less in the high register. Moreover, vibrato is achievable through breath control. Glissandos and vibrato are frequently heard in jazz performances.
Various types of mutes can be inserted into the bell end of the trumpet to produce different muted tone effects. The most commonly used mutes include the straight mute, harmon mute, solo-tone mute, cup mute, and wah-wah mute. Among them, the cup mute and wah-wah mute are widely used in jazz, and the wah-wah mute, in particular, is famous for creating a comical sound by covering and uncovering
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